Lead-acid batteries for future automobiles / dited by J紲gen Garche, Eckhard Karden, Patrick T. Moseley, David A.J. Rand.

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Bibliographic Details
Published: Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2017.
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Format: Electronic eBook
Table of Contents:
  • Front Cover; Lead
  • Acid Batteries for FutureAutomobiles; Lead-Acid Batteries for Future Automobiles; Copyright; Contents; List of Contributors; About the Editors; Preface; Abbreviations; 1
  • Overview; 1
  • Development trends for future automobiles and their demand on the battery; 1.1 Lead-acid batteries in automobiles: still good enough?; 1.2 Requirements in the automotive industry; 1.2.1 Requirements cascade and V-Model; 1.2.2 Robustness and reliability; 1.2.3 Materials, environmental, recycling; 1.3 Vehicle level requirements; 1.3.1 Power-supply system functions.

  • 1.3.2 Drivetrain electrification functions1.4 Low-volt system topology options for advanced power supply and mild powertrain hybridization; 1.4.1 12-V single voltage single battery; 1.4.2 12-V dual (or multi) storage devices; 1.4.3 12-V+48-V dual voltage, dual-storage devices; 1.4.4 12-V+high voltage hybrid traction; 1.5 Upcoming storage system requirements; 1.5.1 Usable versus rated capacity; 1.5.2 Discharge power performance; 1.5.3 Shallow-cycle-life; service life in partial state-of-charge operation; 1.5.4 Dynamic charge-acceptance; 1.5.5 Battery monitoring and management.

  • 1.5.6 Package and ambient conditions, weight1.6 Discussion; List of abbreviations; References; 2
  • Overview of batteries for future automobiles; 2.1 General requirements for batteries in electric vehicles; 2.2 Energy storage in lead-acid batteries; 2.3 Alkaline batteries; 2.3.1 Nickel-cadmium batteries; 2.3.1.1 Automotive applications; 2.3.1.2 Cell chemistry; Discharge processes; Thermodynamic data; 2.3.1.3 Nickel electrode; 2.3.1.4 Cadmium electrode; 2.3.1.5 Open nickel-cadmium cells; 2.3.1.6 Gas-tight nickel-cadmium cell; 2.3.1.7 Operating behaviour and heat management; Charging methods.

  • 2.3.2 Nickel-metal-hydride batteries (NiMH)2.3.2.1 Automotive applications; 2.3.2.2 Cell chemistry; Discharge processes; 2.3.2.3 Negative metal-hydride electrode; 2.3.2.4 Operating behaviour and heat management; 2.3.2.5 Cell design; 2.3.3 Nickel-zinc batteries; 2.3.3.1 Automotive applications; 2.3.3.2 Cell chemistry; Discharge reaction; Charge reaction; 2.4 High-temperature sodium batteries; 2.4.1 Automotive applications; 2.4.2 Sodium-nickel chloride battery (ZEBRA); 2.4.2.1 Cell chemistry; Discharge reactions; 2.4.2.2 Operating behaviour; 2.4.3 Sodium-sulfur battery.

  • 2.5 Lithium-ion batteries2.5.1 Automotive applications; 2.5.1.1 Battery electric vehicles; 2.5.1.2 Stop-start vehicles/micro-/mild-hybrid electric vehicles; 2.5.1.3 Challenges; Low temperature behaviour; High-temperature behaviour; Safety; Costs; 2.5.2 Cell chemistry; 2.5.3 Negative electrode materials (discharge: anodes); 2.5.3.1 Graphite; 2.5.3.2 Lithium titanate (LTO); 2.5.3.3 Lithium alloys; 2.5.4 Positive electrode materials (discharge: cathodes); 2.5.4.1 Lithium cobalt oxide (LCO); 2.5.4.2 Lithium nickel oxides (LNO and NCA).